IT is the management of files and information through computing and telecommunications. Employment within an IT role, therefore, very broadly means, to be employed within a role based around the use of computers and telecommunications to process and store information. The Worldwide IT services revenue totalled $763 billion in 2009, so for some employers and employees; there is money to be made.
The role of an IT professional can vary considerably and depend of several factors including job specifics, employment subsector and level of expertise, for example.
The role of an IT professional could include the installation of applications, the design of IT networks and databases or the management of data and engineering of computer hardware. There has long been a need for IT professional roles within the corporate environment but now that so many of us rely on IT in our personal lives the role of an IT professional can be seen more and more outside of the corporate environment.
One of the major challenges that face most individuals looking to find employment within IT is the lack of a recognised qualification.
A degree in IT or a related specialist subject demonstrates an individual’s commitment and dedication and allows the individual the opportunity to analyse the subject as well as get a hands on approach. Though a certification is constantly current, which in an ever changing subject matter; is paramount. To gain a foot up in the IT industry an individual requires a specialist area of expertise, which a Masters degree can often afford them.
It is important to remember that in all fields of employment, a graduate can often expect a higher starting salary. It would appear that the important thing to ensure is that you get the most up to date certifications and that you have at least a base knowledge of either Microsoft systems or Cisco systems, or both. These appear to be the most sought courses.
Some internationally recognised qualifications include: MCDST, CompTIA A+, Microsoft Windows and Cisco CCNA. The CompTIA A+ qualification introduces the individual to the fundamentals of system hardware components and common system operating errors including Windows. The A+ qualification enables the individual to demonstrate competency as a computer technician.
The Microsoft MCTS (Windows 7 and Windows server 2008) teach the individual to install, configure and administer these systems as well as learning to optimise, monitor and trouble shoot the systems; a key part of any IT helpdesk technicians basic skill set.
The Cisco CCNA – Cisco Certified Network Associate confirms the individual’s knowledge of networking. It is also recognised as the most commonly held Cisco certificate. This is a particularly accessible entry-level certificate if you have an interest in networking. The course offers expertise in Cisco’s IOS, TCP/IP, LAN and WAN technologies and management as well as routing and switching protocols. Chartered status could set you apart from other professionals within the industry and prove you have the skills, knowledge and dedication to have a rewarding career.
An IT professional can work in almost any environment. Almost every single corporate sector in the world uses IT these days to manage their business and customers as well as to communicate to them and between colleagues.
For example and IT professional could be employed within a specialist IT organisation and work for their clients to manage data and design networks, or an IT professional could work within an organisation and manage these areas from within.
It is difficult to pin point how much an IT professional can expect to earn.
There are so many deciding factors including location, experience, skill set and employer.
One area that will definitely set one individual apart from the rest is the area they specialise in. For example, it is recognised that software engineers tend to earn more than hardware engineers.
Software Engineers should earn an average of £56,200, whereas Systems Engineers should earn around £35,307 per annum.
The average salary of an IT a manger in a developed country should be around £;44,500.Project managers should on average be earning a salary of £48,300 per annum and Information Technology Directors should earn an average salary of £63,000
To become an IT worker you’re going to need to a significant amount of training in the field. The IT worker training involved will vary, depending on the route you take into this line of work. Sometimes trainee positions come up, where an HND is enough to meet the criteria employers are looking for, but most of the time, it’s going to be advanced training, showing you a deep understanding of the work involved, as well as the ability to get the job done, to exceptional standards.
Most employers will look for undergraduate students, with a 2: 1 degree, and that’s going to be combined with some background in the IT field. You’re probably thinking it’s a catch 22 as you can’t get experience without a relevant degree, and if you are, you’d be wrong. Think of the definition of IT – Information Technology As an IT worker, you can find jobs at IT user level and software development level.
User level, you don’t need degrees to find work as these jobs are in using software packages such as Microsoft Word, Excel and any software package working in data entry, or requiring numeracy skills to operate. That’s where you can find experience in the IT sector. Don’t be left in the background on that aspect, as employers will look to those with any experience, as it shows a keen interest in working with computers at any level.
For junior level positions in IT, training towards an HND can open the doors to on the job training, by finding work as a Junior IT Worker; however those are few and far between. With the competition fierce in the industry, employers are looking for more qualified and diversified personnel to fill their job requirements.
That’s narrowed down by selecting candidates with appropriate degrees, and thankfully, there’s a few that’s going to put you ahead of those with HNDs in IT, or Computer Sciences. The higher level of training you have, the more opportunity there is for you in this career.
You need to set yourself apart, showing your qualifications. Any degree in the following fields will train you the entry level for trainee jobs in the IT sector, to further your training through apprenticeship programs, or be trained to company requirements.
Degrees in any of the above fields, will be beneficial to finding jobs in the IT sector.
The more technological advances are made, the more you can find your skills becoming outdated. Once you’ve gone through all the training required to get into this line of work, qualifying to degree level, and then getting a job as an IT worker, you’ll then have to keep your knowledge up to date, with the latest technologies by continuing your training.
Short courses are abound and usually take 8 – 12 weeks training. Some can be done on the job, while others can see you taking home study courses to keep your skills up to date and in line with market requirements.
There are a wide variety of IT jobs available to those with the right skills. Jobs in the It sector range from those in support through to the design and maintenance of complex databases that are fundamental to the running of large companies. Below are listed a few of the IT jobs available.
For those who have an artistic flair the job of graphic or web designer is ideal. The internet is playing an ever more important role in the day to day lives of people and as such there is always a demand for qualified web and graphic designers. Training to become a web designer is relatively straightforward and many parts of the training can be undertaken via distance learning. Some web and graphic designers are self-taught.
The more PC’s, laptops and smart phone type devices people purchase the greater the demand for people skilled in their repair becomes. As someone who is trained to build and repair computers you will be providing a valuable service.
IT Mangers are responsible for managing the information technology resources of businesses in accordance with the requirements of each particular business. IT manager positions are similar to those of project managers. IT mangers are highly skilled and have a degree of responsibility. Therefore it is realistic to expect earnings of £35k plus in this field of IT jobs.
Those with a good knowledge of computers and the right qualifications can apply for jobs in IT Support / Technical Support. Working in It support you will have to deal with a wide range of issues relating to computers, although the exact nature of the enquiries that you receive will be specific to the company that you work for. Most technical support departments are split in to two tiers in order to provide a more efficient customer support experience. Teir1 support will be responsible for initial customer enquiries and also assisting with minor issues. Generally, tier 2 support will deal with more complex issues.
A software developer’s job will involve the research, design and development of software. The role of software development is a wide and varied one. There are multiple platforms that software can be developed for and within each different platform there are many different aspects of development required from design through to support and maintenance.
Data analysis is the overall assessment of data including inspection, cleaning and transfer. The aim of a data analyses is to make information easier to draw conclusions from in order to assist with decision making. Data analysts are required in a large variety of organisations and are always in demand. As you can see from the few examples above there are many different types of IT jobs available,
All It jobs require a certain degree of training and therefore are more often than not IT workers are remunerated well.